Most households struggle with mold on wood studs as it causes the structure to decay. These organisms pose a serious human health hazard as well; creating a perfect scenario where neglect turns out to be lethal. In this post, I’ll show you the way of treating mold on wood studs and solve the problem early enough.
Create a solution by mixing 1 part bleach in 3 parts bleach for unpainted wooden studs and ¾ cup of bleach in one water gallon for painted ones.
Then, dip a rag or sponge in the solution and scrub the mold till it varnishes.
Also, rinse the surface with clean water and wring extra moisture from the material to keep it from soaking into the lumber.
Although most woodworkers successfully find an accurate guide on handling mold on wood studs, we still have a clueless fraction. So, this article educates on the most effective techniques and preventive measures for this dilemma.
What Is Mold?
Mold is a living organism belonging to the Fungi kingdom. Fungi are unique as though they appear plant-like; they are neither plants nor animals. Similarly, mold is heterotrophic, meaning it cannot make its food like other plants and, unlike animals, does not really ‘eat’ its food.
This fungi type grows in multicellular structures, hyphae, responsible for producing microscopic spores the mold needs for growth. In addition, the hyphae form a conglomerate, a mycelium.
Many hyphae constitute a mycelium, similar to individual grass blades on a lawn. You can think of mold as a grassy yard as this aspect also explains the mold’s hairy appearance.
Mold spores are tiny enough that you can’t even see them in the air. However, they are lightweight and can float around the atmosphere quickly, looking for a suitable spot to grow.
Ideal breeding conditions for these organisms comprise warmth, moisture, and darkness. Also, since lumber is an excellent moisture absorber, mold spores landing on them start growing into an actual mold.
This stage is when you notice the mold, and eventually, it develops and releases more spores into the air. Therefore, you may have a huge mold problem if you leave this situation unchecked.
Interestingly, outdoor mold plays an essential role in nature, breaking down dead plants, leaves, and trees. In addition, the mold spores are usually harmless to humans and the environment when in small amounts.
The mold hazard sets in when they land on a damp area and start to grow. Besides, mold affects floors, wood furniture, carpets, and surfaces in moist apartment regions, like bathrooms, under the kitchen sink, and laundry rooms.
In addition, mold easily releases spores into the air as it grows. And you could experience health problems if you are sensitive to the compounds and inhale them. Therefore, it is advisable to deal with the organisms before they spread.
Although we have varieties of mold, Rhizopus stolonifer or the black bread mold is a more famous type. Also, do not let the name deceive you, as the organism enjoys other foods like vegetables and fruits.
Another common mold type is penicillium, which gives the antibiotic Penicillin. It thrives in multiple places, including water-damaged structures and various foods. Further, we have the aspergillus mold with several carcinogenic varieties and mainly grows indoors.
Similarly, we have different mold types. Some are harmful to human health and are pathogenic, allergenic, or toxigenic, while others are not a threat. However, you need to remove mold from wood, regardless of the type.
Below are a few mold types to watch out for:
This mold species leads to a potential health hazard to man and is more difficult to remove from wood surfaces. Also, although we have multiple black mold types, Stachybotrys chartarum is more popular.
White mold types with a powdery texture fall under this classification. Moreover, they have varieties like Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Cladosporium. But they are not as harmful as the black mold.
You are likely to find this mold on food substances, such as some fruits and bread. The compounds also infest stained or painted wood surfaces. And although the mold is not as harmful as its black counterpart, it still poses health hazards.
Mold and mildew are often used interchangeably. Furthermore, many people believe that they are the same species, but not quite. Mildew is a specific mold type and is more common in households.
The organisms fall into two classes: Downy and powdery mildew. In addition, they are easy to remove, unlike mold species, as they have a flat growth and do not penetrate lumber surfaces.
What Is Wood Studs?
Most households have wall frames built with studs featuring wood or metal pieces vertically positioned at closely spaced intervals. Besides, many non-masonry buildings depend on wall stands, so there’s a high chance your home has them.
Wooden wall studs are more famous and less pricey than steel ones. They come in two dimensions: two by fours, 1-1/2 inches x 3-1/2 inches, and two by sixes, 1-1/2 inches x 5-1/2 inches.
In addition, both categories feature a standard length of 92-⅝ inches, but you can get them at multiple lengths up to 16 feet.
You can get wooden studs from any lumberyard or building supplies store, and they mostly come from Douglas fir or Spruce. Also, typical houses need 2x4s for interior work and 2x6s for exterior walls, which is easy to get.
Lastly, studs are usually perpendicular to the wall, enhancing the structure’s sturdiness and creating space for pipes, wires, and insulation. In addition, you’ll find them sandwiched between two horizontal boards, the top and bottom plates.
How to Remove Mold From Wood
Black mold poses a health risk to those within its vicinity, and thus it is prudent to remove it immediately. Wet cellulose materials like damp wood provide a suitable environment for the organisms to grow.
In addition, safe removal is key to preventing the mold from spreading on other surfaces or in the atmosphere. And experts recommend a professional if the organisms cover ten or more square feet.
It is also advisable to dispose of and replace the wood when mold affects large areas. But you can work with local public health departments for advice on mold testing and referrals to expert mold removers.
The supplies for effective mold removal include long pants, a long-sleeved shirt, rubber gloves, a sponge, safety goggles, a protective air mask, a spray bottle, and a vacuum with a HEPA filter.
You also need a soft-bristled scrub brush, a soft cloth, measuring spoons or cups, dishwashing detergent, wood cleaner, water, chlorine bleach, distilled white vinegar, sandpaper, and wood stain, sealer, or paint if necessary.
Next, follow the procedure below for a successful outcome.
Put on the Protective Gear
Before interacting with the mold, wear protective clothing, including long pants and a long-sleeved shirt. You can wear old clothes because bleach splatters lead to permanent stains.
Put on rubber gloves, a protective air mask, and safety goggles. Also, consider taking the mold-infested lumber outside when cleaning to avoid spreading the spores indoors or close doors and use plastic sheeting if you must remain indoors.
Vacuuming the Surface
A vacuum with a HEPA filter will remove sand, mold spores, and other dirt from the wood. Besides, the device traps all dirt, facilitating easy clean-up afterward as you only need to empty it outside.
Consider emptying the vacuum into a sealable plastic bag, and seal it after that. Also, please note that releasing the vacuum content in the house will only redisperse the spores, returning you to square one in a few days.
Expose the Wood to Sunlight
Sometimes, mold manifests in lumber surfaces because of little sun exposure, and it grows best in damp, warm, and dark places. Therefore, sunlight exposure removes the darkness and dampness needed for growth.
Please take out the wood after the dew evaporates to avoid dampening it further. Then, return it indoors after sunset when temperatures fall drastically. This way, the surface remains dry throughout.
Spray Vodka on the Lumber
Use a spray bottle to apply vodka to the surface if sunlight exposure does not work. In addition, it is an effective mold prevention strategy. So, ensure full coverage and allow it to dry.
You can also combine vodka spraying with sun drying for even better results. But ensure that the lumber dries before returning it indoors. Otherwise, the dampness will encourage further mold growth.
Clean the Wood With Detergent
Take the process a notch higher with laundry detergent if the mold is resistant to sun-drying and vodka. Get liquid dishwashing detergent, mix it with warm water, and apply it to the surface.
Next, gently scrub away the affected area with a soft-bristled brush. But ensure that the accessory is gentle to the lumber. Otherwise, you may end up scratching and defacing the surface.
Finally, clean off excess moisture with a damp cloth to avoid saturating the lumber with water. And remember that mold thrives in wet areas. So, keep it as dry as possible.
Apply Distilled White Vinegar
Vinegar is a famous chemical for removing mold from wood as it is non-toxic and affordable. Moreover, you only need to spray it on the affected lumber spot and wipe it after an hour for a successful procedure.
Please note that distilled vinegar kills detergent-resistant mold, and about 80 percent of mold species do not survive this step. Therefore, repeat it a few more times if necessary.
Bleach the Mold-Infested Spot
You need something stronger for the other 20 percent stubborn mold, and bleach comes to mind. Besides, a bleach and soap mixture is perfect for all hard-to-remove mold due to deep rooting and penetration.
However, remember that bleach exudes toxic fumes. Thus, it is best to take care during handling. Also, consider working outdoors or in a large square feet workstation for proper ventilation.
Prepare the bleach mixture by mixing one warm water cup, one tablespoon of detergent, and half a cup of bleach. Then, use a sponge or a soft-bristled paintbrush to scrub the lumber in circular motions and allow it to dry under sunlight.
Sand the Surface
There is a low probability that you’ll reach this stage. However, you are safer being ready for it when the mold penetrates deep into the lumber’s surface. In addition, the exercise is not complicated as it appears.
Sand the surface to remove the remaining mold and vacuum the wood to clear any resulting grit. Also, spray paint on the lumber after sanding to ensure that the mold spores do not return.
Dispose of all the plastic bags, rags, and containers in contact with the mold spores or infested areas. Then, disinfect all the protective gear used in the exercise before returning them indoors.
What Does Toxic Mold Look Like On Wood?
Although toxic mold often hides in your crawlspace, attic, or walls, sometimes it grows in the open. You are even likely to see dark spots or rings on the ceiling. But this mold type is not necessarily harmful.
Toxic mold leaves stains even after you wipe it away. Hence, it is not safe to try and clean it up yourself. In addition, it’s probably time to call for an inspection if you disinfect and clean the mold area but still notice wall stains.
Pay attention to the mold’s color and consistency. We have black mold, more specifically, Stachybotrys chartarum, as a threat to human health. Also, toxic mold can feature a slimy, wet surface or a grayish, soot-like texture.
In some cases, you may observe brown or furry orange spots. And it is advisable to call a professional right away when you see mold with any of the above attributes.
What Does Mold On Studs Look Like?
Water is the leading cause of mold growth on studs. Therefore, the organisms may be behind the drywall and in the studs when you see extensive mold levels and brownish or yellowish water rings and stains.
The walls may also deteriorate, leading to cracking, bubbling, or peeling paint. In addition, you may even notice the surface bowing or bulging from the moisture as the situation worsens.
You can ask yourself: does the spot keep going away and coming back. The wall stud has something organic like mold if it keeps coming back. Also, we have mold testing kits to help test the surface or the air for mold.
How to Kill Mold On Studs
Get a mold killer when you see dark spots spreading on your surfaces. Besides, drywall mold is hazardous since it multiplies and damages the property’s structural integrity. Therefore, please deal with it as soon as you can.
You can use a wood mold remover to clean up the drywall if the mold situation is not extensive. But find out where the moisture comes from and stop it before repairing the damage.
The issue could be water vapor from a concrete floor, a leaky window, or a roofing problem. Therefore, you’ll deal with the root issue and avoid future mold growth.
Sometimes the mold penetrates the drywall and gets into the studs behind the wall. Here, you may have to remove the drywall to investigate any extensive smells and stains or a crumbling surface.
It is advisable to buy a testing kit before buying mold removal products. Also, some recommended mold removers include Seeml Labs, ImmunoLytics, and Inspection Network DIY products.
Consider using plastic sheeting, a wet/ dry vacuum with a HEPA filter and attachment, and a fan when removing the mold. In addition, use cleaning wipes, a medium-bristled brush, and a quality wood mold remover for a successful project.
You can also make a mold remover. Mix three parts of water with one part of bleach and pour it into a spray bottle or a bucker. Then, clean the mold-infested area with a rag.
Let the formula sit for about ten minutes and brush it until it loosens. Next, wipe down the wood with household cleaning wipes and wait for it to dry thoroughly before applying a mold-killing primer.
Below is a summarized guide for the procedure.
- Locate the affected area by following your nose. Remember that the musty smell is a sure giveaway even when the growth is not apparent. Also, an in-depth visual inspection will reveal telltale gray, white, or gray and often fuzzy patches.
- Mold spores move in water and along air currents. Therefore, examine hidden regions for additional mold growth. Also, mold growth on a basement wall warrants an air duct, carpeting underside, and exposed wood trim inspection.
- Determine the mold growth level to decide whether to deal with the problem yourself or call a professional. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recommends expert help when the mold affects areas larger than ten square feet.
- Get the required supplies: disposable booties, HEPA vacuum, a clean cloth, bleach, rubber gloves, P100 or N95 dust mask, plastic trash bags, scrub brush, plastic drop cloth, and sheeting.
- Dress appropriately for the job. Then, vacuum the affected area and surrounding surfaces. Also, wash any noticeable mold or mildew patches using a clean cloth moistened with diluted bleach solutions.
- Remove compromised materials like damaged drywall, wood trim, or carpet. Carefully cover them with plastic sheeting during removal to avoid spreading the mold spores to other surfaces. Also, contain these items in plastic trash bags and discard them according to local sanitation directives.
- Vacuum the basement after removing the affected materials. Then, moisten a cloth with the dilute bleach solution to clean hard-to-reach surfaces such as pipes. The goal is to remove any dust with spores.
- Remove and clean your clothing and dispose of the mask, gloves, and booties. Next, carefully roll up the plastic drop cloth and throw it in a plastic trash bag.
- Finally, remedy the conditions leading to mold growth. It may involve adding a sump pump, installing a high-volume dehumidifier, repairing holes and cracks in the walls, and ensuring proper drainage from the exterior basement walls.
What Can I Spray On Wood to Prevent Mold?
You can spray household cleaners on wood to prevent mold growth. However, do not delay because the more you wait, the higher the likelihood of the mold colony spreading and affecting your health.
Use any of the following formulas for a successful project.
- Borax is a safe alternative to use on stained or painted lumber. Mix a cup of water and one tablespoon of borax and apply the solution to the affected area. Then, use a soft-bristled brush to scrub away the mold.
- Dishwashing Soap and Warm Water. Squirt a teaspoon of dishwashing soap into a spray bottle and fill it with warm water. Shake to combine the elements and spray the affected area. Also, scrub with a soft-bristled brush and dry thoroughly with a clean cloth or towel.
- Distilled White Vinegar. Mix equal parts of vinegar and warm water in a spray bottle. Apply the solution to the affected area and allow it to sit for about one hour. Then, wipe with a damp rag, followed by a dry rag.
- Detergent and Diluted Bleach. Clean the wood with 20 parts of warm water and ten parts of bleach if the mold penetrates unfinished wood. Apply the mixture to the surface and scrub with a soft-bristled brush.
How to Remove Mold from Wood Using Vinegar
Distilled white vinegar kills more than 80 percent of mold species, making it a perfect strategy for mold removal. Combine queal parts of warm water and vinegar in a spray bottle and apply it to the mold.
Allow the solution to dry for about one hour and wipe the surface with a damp rag. Then, dry it with a towel before airdrying.
We have households oblivious of mold growing on the surface, and it could either be a lack of knowledge or ignorance on the issue. But limited knowledge and neglect can take a massive toll on property and health. So, it is prudent to know:
How to Treat Mold On Wood Studs
Wear protective gear before going ahead with the procedure, as mold and bleach are harsh on your skin and overall health. Then, gather the needed mold removal supplies and get started. In addition, consider getting professional help when dealing with more extensive mold-infested areas.