The sanding quality of a project defines who we are as woodworkers. Again, although the dedication and precision invested in the job greatly influence the outcome, using the wrong sander type can significantly compromise the finish. Here, I’ll critique Pneumatic Vs Electric Sanders.
First, pneumatic sanders are more affordable than electric ones. Then, unlike their powered counterparts, they are smaller and lightweight as they have no motor.
In addition, the pneumatic tools use an air compressor, whereas electric sanders are plug-and-use devices.
Advances in the woodcraft field deliver precise, handy, light, and quality sanders, making it difficult to know which one to pick.
Therefore, read this guide on pneumatic and electrical sanders for clarity and better decision-making.
What Is a Pneumatic Sander?
A pneumatic sander utilizes compressed air to power orbital sanding drums, belts, and discs.
It also has a trigger or a button to control the air pressure during operations.
The tool uses a sandpaper strip wrapped around two pulleys to remove rust and old paint from metal and smooth down welded joints.
Also, you can use it for more delicate applications like leveling and finishing wood tables.
Using a pneumatic sander instead of hand tools significantly reduces the effort, energy, and time spent on fabrication and construction projects.
Moreover, we have different product types commercially available to facilitate multiple tasks.
These sanders also come in handy during auto body repairs as they are more lightweight and portable.
In addition, they are perfect for smoothing delicate surfaces and navigating around edges.
Pneumatic sanders operate by spinning a sandpaper disk at variable speeds. Further, you can set the air pressure level to turn the disk slowly for finishing jobs and initial tasks.
These devices are ideal for smoothing primer and filler putty spots on automobiles before a paint job and rounding the corners of a wooden table.
However, consider holding them with one hand when moving around a surface and applying minimal pressure for a better outcome.
A primary selling point of pneumatic sanders over power tools is that they do not require recharging and thus waste less energy.
They only use electricity when re-pressurizing the air tank.
Besides, battery-powered devices are only helpful until the battery drains, while power sanders plugging into electric sockets need a lot of constant voltage and make electricity bills run high.
It is prudent to evaluate the project’s specifications before purchasing a pneumatic sander.
Also, although most compressor hoses have universal joints to accommodate different sanders, some need special connectors.
Lastly, some sanders need more power and pressure than shop compressors. Therefore, consider getting a tool compatible with your air compressor for smooth operations.
What Is Electric Sander?
An electric sander is a power device used to smooth and finish surfaces.
In addition, it moves the abrasive or sandpaper piece, often in a circular motion to remove material from the surface.
The tool is excellent for various projects, including auto body repair and woodworking.
For instance, you can use it to prepare a surface for finishing, stripping, and prepping floors or removing old paint, varnish, and excess material from wood.
Electric sanders come in different types, with each option having a specialized purpose.
However, these functions often overlap, and various sanders can do similar finishing work.
Also, the difference lies in the user’s expertise. And here are different sanders to consider for your work.
An orbital sander is perhaps the most common type available, and it comes in square, round base, and rectangular plates.
Further, there is no need to worry about following the wood grain direction when using it.
Some square and rectangular sander models require you to clip the sandpaper to the base plate, while others need special sandpaper with an adhesive back to stick to the tool.
Also, brands with round base plates need special sanding discs that adhere to the base plate.
Belt sanders are ideal for removing large material amounts faster. However, they perform better in steady and capable hands, or they will run wild and damage the workpiece.
These tools work on a continuous loop concept. In addition, they utilize a fully looped sanding belt rather than static abrasive sheets like in orbital, disc, and finishing sanders.
The sanding belt fits perfectly within the device housing and surrounds the motor’s driving wheel.
Then, tension controls and alignment guides securely position the belt as the motor spins.
The tools are also excellent in removing roughness and preparing materials for less aggressive devices like random orbit and finishing sanders.
But it is advisable to follow the wood grain during sanding lest the sander’s lateral action ruins the project.
These devices give workpieces a finishing touch; you can call them corner or mouse sanders.
They are also handheld tools with a triangular pad for reaching into and touching up tight spaces.
Detail sanders are similar to orbital sanders, only that they have smaller and triangular base plates.
Besides, they fit into awkward spaces such as small furniture items and window frames.
The sanders’ tiny-pointed-shaped base plates make them suitable for sanding corners that other sanders cannot reach.
But consider using special, self-adhesive sandpaper to facilitate a successful outcome.
Disc sanders cover multiple applications, and you’ll find different models and configurations.
However, the tools have a common denominator: a disc-shaped abrasive surface.
The devices are suitable for stripping paint from old furniture and can get into areas belt sanders cannot.
Furthermore, right-angle or angle grinder sanders often sand areas otherwise impossible for bulky and oversized power tools.
Typically, these appliances require a two-hand operation. But smaller disc sanders are easy to handle with one hand while the other grips the work.
Finally, although random orbital sanders are all disc sanders, not all of them feature random orbital motion capabilities.
Also, some disc sanders have non-orbital sanding features spinning in a fixed motion.
Generally, bench sanders are belt sanders incorporating a rotary sander. In addition, they are powerful and easily remove material from workpieces. Therefore, you can use them for sanding and shaping materials.
Most woodworkers prefer to hire floor sanders than purchase them as they are suitable for limited applications. Further, the tools come in two types: The large drum machine and the edging sander.
Large drum machines work like a lawnmower across a wooden floor and need you to walk behind them, whereas the edging sander smooths areas its counterpart cannot reach.
Is a Pneumatic Sander Better than Electric?
A pneumatic sander is better than an electric one. In addition, professionals prefer the tool for industrial applications.
Below are some reasons for using pneumatic sanders.
These sanders do not pose electric shock or fire risks, nor do they create magnetic field interference. They are also the safest alternative for handling hazardous materials.
The tools have a simple design, with fewer moving parts susceptible to wear and tear. Also, you’ll incur lower repair costs.
You can use the sanders in extreme temperatures without worrying about their performance. And they emit less heat, giving the user added comfort.
These devices are less heavy, cheaper to maintain, and generate less heat than electric sanders. Thus, they are excellent for demanding environments.
Lastly, pneumatic sanders are lightweight and facilitate better handling for simple DIY tasks.
What Is the Difference Between Air Sander and Electric Sander?
We have significant differences between air and electric sanders that affect your purchase decision. Therefore, it is prudent to evaluate both tools to get the most suitable one for your tasks.
Check out some variances between the sanders.
Pneumatic or air sanders are lightweight and accommodate woodworkers with multiple workstations.
On the other hand, electric devices are heavier as they have a motor to facilitate operations.
Air sanders work with air or lithium-driven batteries and thus are less vulnerable to damage.
Oppositely, electric tools have more technical and moving features, making them more prone to wear and tear.
Power capabilities refer to how steadily the tools finish the work and how much output you can expect.
For instance, electric sanders deliver a smoother finish for metal and are more reliable for heavy-duty applications.
Electric sanders have a heavy motor, making them noisier than their counterparts. But do not think that all pneumatic tools will deliver a quieter output.
We also have air sanders that are loud, depending on their compressors.
Good quality pneumatic sanders are excellent and deliver professional results, but they are not as fast as their parallels.
However, it is advisable to get a high-quality compressor to match the tool’s CFM rating.
Air sanders deliver more balance and less vibration than electric ones. In addition, the air speed in the tools is more reliable, and they are easy to use and durable.
Finally, it is worth spending an hour with a pneumatic sander and 30 minutes with an electric tool. Then, you won’t need to sand the surface anytime soon.
Collecting dust with an electric sander is more relaxing as you can install a vacuum attachment.
In contrast, air sanders require constant sandpaper adjusting for auto bodies. Therefore, they are time-consuming.
Although investing in an electric sander appears expensive, it costs less in the long run. Moreover, the tool is efficient and lasts a long time. For instance, it will run for less than $.35 per day.
On the other hand, air sanders suffer from ‘woodworking abuse, needing frequent repairs and replacements.
Moreover, the price to run the air compressor routinely makes them cost more in the long run.
Advantages of a Pneumatic Sander
Pneumatic sanders are an excellent choice, thanks to their impressive benefits in industrial sanding processes.
Besides, they are more resistant devices and withstand greater workloads.
The tools are compact and lightweight, allowing smooth and precise operations. Therefore, you can expect professional sanding results.
Air sanders deliver safe work environments without possible electrical short circuits, shocks, chips, and fire danger hazards.
In addition, you can use them in projects with varnish and other chemicals.
They have a simple design and fewer moving parts. Thus, you will experience lesser wear and tear and lower repair and maintenance costs.
The devices are comfortable to use as they generate less heat. Also, you can use them in extreme temperatures without compromising performance.
Lastly, pneumatic sanders are suitable in demanding environments, even without electricity. They have a longer lifespan and thus are a more profitable alternative.
Advantages of Electric Sander
Electric sanders are easy to use as they utilize electricity and a speedy motor.
Moreover, they work effortlessly, and all you need to do is make the correct settings, position the tool on the material, and begin sanding.
The devices are quick and efficient, allowing you to slash your work time and speed up projects.
They are power tools during operations, sanding at slow to high speed to finish the task in less time.
An electric sander improves technique as you do not have to stress about whether you are finishing or smoothing flawlessly. It delivers the needed design and offers a professional-level end outcome.
The tool eliminates fatigue when sanding down materials.
Also, thanks to their strong electric motors, they handle all vibrations and movement without requiring the literal elbow grease.
Finally, working with an electric sander limits hand injuries. You will not come into direct contact with the sanding process, limiting your chances of developing blisters, abrasions, or cuts.
What Is a Pneumatic Orbital Sander?
Pneumatic orbital sanders are durable and practical professional sanding tools.
They have an ergonomic design, utilize hi-tech materials, and are lightweight to deliver optimal strength and user comfort.
These devices facilitate maximum dust extraction even at low suction power levels. Also, you will enjoy lower noise levels when operating at high RPM.
The orbital sanders feature a ball bearing mechanism where you fix a sanding round pad to allow random rotation. This part goes around hard points and works at them with tiny orbits.
The random turning ellipses prevent scratches on the surface and create a uniform finish. In addition, it gives a more refined finish with slow but even material removal.
Pneumatic orbital sanders are excellent for preparing surfaces before and after painting.
You can also use them on plastic, wood, and metal projects.
Maintenance Practices for Pneumatic and Electric Sanders
Pneumatic and electric sanders do not require much care, but they need a little maintenance.
For example, blow off the dust using compressed air or a shop vacuum and work over the tool’s exterior.
Also, it can seem like running a pneumatic sander is more pricey than wide belt sanders.
Therefore, you may not see the need to replace them. But this mentality can lead to careless handling, causing premature and overly frequent replacements.
Lubricate your air sanders well lubricated and maintain the air filter. Otherwise, the tool will lock up in the motor or bearing, stop working correctly, and lead to sanding issues.
In contrast, electric sanders do not need internal maintenance but can get too hot and shut down. So, avoid overheating the tool and consider recalibrating it when it suddenly goes off.
Always move the sander gently and steadily over the surface. Racing back and forth is hard on the device and workpiece.
Please avoid skipping more than one grit grade when moving from coarse to smooth.
For instance, you can go from 100 grit sandpaper to 150, skipping 120. But it is not advisable to move from 100 to 220-grit.
Don’t tip the tool near its edges, as they will round off. However, it is okay to prefer a slightly rounded corner as it accommodates paint better than sharp edges.
Pneumatic and electric sanders can achieve similar goals, but they are different. Therefore, always pick the correct tool for your project.
In addition, keep the dimensions in mind as the sanding pad, and the tool’s overall size determines its purpose and how it performs.
Nonetheless, power tools are not always the best alternative.
Also, remember that the sanders rapidly remove material, causing irreversible damage to the workpiece.
On top of that, it is advisable to protect yourself. Wear a dust mask when using a sander.
Advanced models feature a foam strip to help the mask seal your face better and a vent to reduce moisture build-up under the mask.
Clean up as you sand to prevent large talc-like dust piles from accumulating. Then, vacuum or brush yourself off before going to other clean areas or inside the house.
Consider wearing overalls, a shirt, or a shop apron and leave it in the sanding area. Also, get a floor mat outside the workshop to cut down on tracked dirt.
Frequently Asked Questions
These questions include:
What Type of Sander is the Best For Woodworking?
Belt sanders are highly effective in smoothing wood and preparing it for less aggressive devices like random orbit and finishing sanders.
The wood grain is the only thing to mind, as the sander’s lateral action can ruin the surface.
These devices do not use static abrasive sheets like orbital, finishing, and disc sanders. Instead, they utilize a fully looped sanding belt fitted in the tool’s body.
Also, the sander has tension controls and alignment guides to secure the belt in the correct position.
Typical belt sizes are 3” x 18”, 3” x 21”, 3” x 24”, 4” x 21” and 4” x 24”, but most woodworkers prefer mid-sized belts such as 3” x 21” and the large 4” x 24”. However, do your research and get a tool fitting your needs.
When Do I Need a Wood Sander?
Hand sanding is appropriate for small, delicate jobs where powered devices can obscure or damage fine details and sharp edges.
On the other hand, consider electric sanders when working on large sanding applications and where work progresses from rough to fine-finished surfaces.
In addition, hand sanding is ideal until the convenience of letting an electric device do the work exceeds the savings of using your hands and more sandpaper sheets.
Power tools are an excellent choice when looking for efficiency, and nothing beats an electric sander in many situations.
Here are some applications that need an electric sander.
Furniture making. Every furniture maker needs various electric sanders regardless of being a professional craftsperson or hobbyist.
Further, it is difficult to recommend one sander for furniture as you will benefit from all types.
Cabinetry making. Cabinetry refines built-in and inter-locking wood parts, whereas furniture involves multiple free-standing workpieces.
But there are only minor differences in sanding requirements, and you’ll likely use sheet finishing and belt sanders.
Staircase building. This application is more than a carpentry task and closer to an art form.
The skill needs vast sanding amounts; thus, a power sander will significantly affect smoothness and speed.
Toy manufacturing. Power sanders make work easier for craftspeople building children’s toys. Also, toy-making needs unique devices such as disc sanders, and you may spend too much time with a palm sander.
How Do I Sand a Table With an Electric Sander?
First, wear protective gear, including gloves, safety glasses, and a mask. Then, move the table to a well-ventilated space and turn on the tool.
Start with coarse sandpaper to remove old paint and move to a finer grit to remove scratches and prepare the wood for finishing.
In addition, sanding in the wood grain’s direction avoids damaging the surface.
Finally, use a tack cloth to remove sanding dust from the table.
Here’s How to Sand With With an Electric Sander:
Typically, sanders are a must-have tool in any paint or vehicle body repair shop. In addition, painters and body repair techs rely on these devices to deliver a perfect finish on various projects.
Therefore, it is prudent to check the discourse above, as having the right sander makes a difference between a delighted and dissatisfied customer.
Pneumatic vs Electric Sanders
The primary difference between pneumatic and electric sanders is their functionality. For instance, pneumatic sanders are lightweight and suitable for delicate applications, while most electric sanders feature heavy-duty attributes and solid ergonomic designs.