The deck preparation process and the drying time influence the outcome of your stain work. As much as adhering to all the possible preparation tips and tricks will deliver a better finish, the drying process is a make or break. Additionally, you could compromise the finish significantly by coating or using the stained deck before drying. So, How Long Does Deck Stain Take to Dry?
Oil-based deck stains dry much slower than water-based ones. You can expect the water-based formula to dry within one to four hours in perfect temperature and humidity levels. Conversely, oil-based products require four to 24 hours to dry fully. Also, please wait for the stain to cure before walking on the deck or adding furniture. The period is usually 24 hours for water-based formula and 24 to 72 hours for oil-based stains.
However, we cannot ignore other factors that affect deck stain drying time. Thus, it would be best to check out this article for more insights and recommendations on the subject.
What Happens If You Stain Your Deck and It Rains?
A blotchy appearance is an obvious consequence of rain on your stained deck. Ideally, the stain should dry for several hours for it to set and give a fine finish. And even after drying, it should remain undisturbed for a few days before use. So, water soaks into the lumber’s pores if it rains within 48 hours after stain application.
Wait! Is that scenario tragic? You may ask. Well, mild damage is resolvable. But you will first deal with a splotchy surface instead of a uniform and even tone. Worse still, the stain will flake and peel off if it rains immediately after application.
However, fortunately, the finish is safe if the downpour happens after 48 hours. Therefore, you are safe if you examine the weather forecast. It will help to determine the best time to stain the deck.
How Long Does it Take For Deck Stain to Cure?
Generally, a high-quality stain formula needs 24 to 48 hours to cure. But of course, the process relies on other factors: The condition and quality of the deck, temperature, humidity, amount and type of stain applied, and sun exposure.
Check out these factors in isolation and detail to see what happens.
The recommended temperatures for perfect stain curing usually range from 50 to 90 degrees. However, it would be best to check the stain manufacturer’s specifications to get the exact temperature range.
Still, stains normally dry faster when it is hot and require a longer curing time when it’s cooler. For example, the finish will not dry well if you apply the stain under 50 degrees. It will leave a tacky or sticky material that you should remove or redo. On the other hand, a very hot temperature level will hinder full stain penetration. Therefore, you’ll get an uneven color.
Deck stain dries by evaporating moisture into the air. Hence, you can now understand how the moisture in the atmosphere impacts the drying time. Also, manufacturers can attach low-end times on their labels, say 40% humidity. Thus, humidity levels in the 50s and 60s range extend the drying time.
In addition, a higher humidity range impacts the stain’s gloss, or the finish may never dry. Consequently, the finish may soon peel or look imperfect. And you may have to remove the finish and start over again.
- Sun Exposure
You may find this point ironic because it seems that the more sun exposure, the better the drying process. However, experts do not advocate for stain application in direct sunlight. Also, they support that you wait for a cloudy day if the deck is not under a shade.
Why so? Please note that more sun exposure means intense UV rays. Also, wood exposed to excess UV rays does not deliver a uniform color. More so, the stain may have problems adhering to the wood.
In addition, the sun causes the finish to dry faster than normal. This scenario also compromises stain absorption into the wood. Hence, you may end up with a blotchy and uneven look.
- Deck Material
Sometimes the wood is too young or new to receive stain well. Therefore, it will be wise to wait for about six months to a year before staining it. In addition, you may need to wait if the lumber has a significant moisture content. This way, the stain can easily soak into the wood fibers and dry well.
Besides that, the wood may get wet because of a downpour and thus is not in a position to receive a stain. So, even here, please ensure that you exercise patience to allow it enough time to dry.
- Amount of Stain Applied
Another aspect that would extend the drying time is overapplying the wood stain. Although varying the deck stain amount can influence the coat’s darkness, using too much of it saturates the wood fibers.
The above scenario causes the lumber to get saturated, and the formula has nowhere to go. Thus, the stain sits on the wood’s surface and dries inconsistently. And eventually, you’ll observe unevenness in the ultimate color.
- Deck Stain Type
Various stain types feature different drying types. Moreover, you’ll notice a significant contrast between water-based and oil-based formulas. For instance, oil-based paints take a longer duration to dry, mostly four to 24 hours. Also, it would be good to wait for 24 hours in case of a downpour.
On the other hand, water-based products dry faster. They only need two to four hours, and the finish is perfect. In addition, the formula can take rain as soon as it dries properly without presenting any potential hazards.
NB: remember that a short dry time is both a challenge and a convenience. It would be best to apply the stain with a wet edge. Thus, a quick dry time exerts pressure on you to apply the stain before the edge dries. Conversely, a longer drying duration makes your work less stressful and easier if you are staining larger decks.
What If It Rains 12 Hours After Staining Deck?
We’ve been talking about how rain on your freshly stained deck can compromise your work. But what would happen if there was an unforeseen downpour? Does it mean that hours of work have gone down the drain?
First, it is wise to avoid staining exterior wood when there is a rain forecast. Also, most brands warn against applying their products within 12 to 24 hours before the forecasted downpour. Next, please note that you cannot do much until the rain stops.
However, there is a silver lining. The damage done to the stain depends on how hard it rains and for how long. Thus, there is nothing to worry you if it was mild drizzling. Conversely, you have some work to do if it was a good downpour.
Here is where also the stain type and brand can change the story. For instance, some stains can handle rain better shortly after application, whereas others can become a complete failed product.
Examine the deck for blotches, white spots, or little blotches after drying. Any of these signs may indicate rain damage. Then, go through the manufacturer’s instructions for adding a second coat or recoating the surface.
In addition, you can add a second coat in an inconspicuous spot to see if you fix the problem. But please check if you are within the time frame needed for a second coat. Otherwise, you may jump from the frying pan to the fire.
Alternatively, you could use a blend of wood cleaner and a pressure washer if the light recoat backfires. This way, you can eliminate the spots without damaging the stain further. Also, you could gently sand the rain spots.
Besides that, it would help to avoid overapplying the stain during this troubleshooting venture. You may end up opening the deck to other issues such as peeling and flaking. Moreover, it is also good to strip off the stain and start again if you cannot resolve the problem.
How Can I Make My Deck Stain Dry Faster?
You’d want to ensure that there are no open flames around finishing fumes. But fortunately, there are multiple options to heat your shop and thus, help the stain finish dry faster.
Similarly, you may not change the weather around the stained deck. But you could increase the airflow around the wood using a fan to enhance air circulation. This way, the fresh air collects and carries off the evaporating moisture from the wood, speeding up the drying process.
However, there is a caveat. Please position the fan strategically to avoid blowing debris into the air. These elements may land on and stick on the wet finish.
The other strategy to use for drying deck stain involves using a cannon-style space heater. Here, you blow warm air over the deck’s surface, which evaporates chemicals and moisture in the formula.
It is advisable to be careful with this strategy. Too much heat can result in a flash dry before the formula penetrates fully into the wood.
How Long After Staining Deck Can You Walk On It?
You can walk on the deck approximately six hours after applying a water-based formula and 24 hours after applying an oil-based one. However, humidity and temperatures play a key role in determining the specific duration. For instance, the higher these elements are, the longer you’ll have to wait for the deck to cure before resuming activity.
It is always prudent to avoid risking it with your newly stained deck. Hence, you are better off waiting a day or more before stepping the deck. Also, please consider walking on the wood bare feet if you must walk on it. Because you reduce the chances of having footprints on the finish.
Besides that, it is advisable to wait for about 24 to 48 hours before placing furniture on the deck. Even more, heavier items are likely to scratch the stain. Thus, consider allowing the deck a full week of curing time before reinstalling your grill.
How Do I Know if My Deck is Dry Enough to Stain?
The first way to confirm if the deck is ready for staining includes pouring a little water on it. Then, check for water beads on the surface. The wood is not dry if they are present. But you can go ahead and stain it if the fibers absorb the water easily.
The second strategy requires you to get a moisture meter. This accessory measures the moisture content in the wood, and a 19% or less rating is acceptable. Also, it would help to be thorough. So, check several spots along the deck’s boards.
Finally, put the wood’s edge into a black garbage bag and leave it in the sun for one or two hours. Then, open the bag and check for condensation on the lumber. Please note that the deck is not dry enough for staining if there is any condensation.
How Long Does It Take For Behr Deck Stain to Dry?
You are safer waiting for 24 to 48 hours before allowing foot traffic on the product. It would also be best to allocate 72 hours for proper curing. Also, the stain is subject to environmental influences. Thus, the finish may need additional time in higher humidity and cooler temperatures.
Besides that, Behr Deck Stain works best on dry surfaces. The manufacturer also recommends 35-90˚ F temperature levels. In addition, the temperatures should stay above 35˚ F for the next 12 hours after application.
Why Is My Deck Stain Still Sticky?
The primary reason for sticky deck stain is failing to wipe off the excess formula from the wood or over-application. This scenario lets the wood stain sit on the surface. Then, liquid solvents evaporate and leave behind sticky pigments that do not dry.
In addition, the product does not benefit the wood by sitting on the surface. Rather, it compromises the final finish. Therefore, manufacturers advise that you avoid waiting more than a minute before wiping off the excess formula.
Luckily, you can apply the stain to the cloth to help you control how much formula the wood absorbs. In addition, it is easy to remove the residue by rinsing the surface with a spray nozzle or garden horse.
Mineral spirits are also a perfect alternative to deal with a sticky surface. All you need to do is apply the solvents and scrub the piece firmly.
Sometimes, you do everything required to deliver a perfect finish but still get a tacky surface. Please do not panic. There are genuine reasons why the stain may leave the residue. For instance, you may stain the deck during an extremely hot day, which causes it to dry too fast.
By now, we know that extremely hot temperatures are not a blessing to a staining project. Instead, the stain dries before the wood fibers can absorb it, resulting in a sticky and tacky surface.
Therefore, consider applying the deck stain in the shade featuring 60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Otherwise, the finish will cure faster than expected, and you won’t have time to wipe off the excess formula.
Also, exotic lumber causes sticky deck stains. Here’s why. Some exotic woods like rosewood and teak contain heavy oil contents. Thus, the stain does not penetrate the lumber but instead sits on the surface.
Alternatively, the stain may soak into the exotic lumber for a while. But the existing oil contents may push the formula back out as soon as you walk away.
How Many Coats of Deck Stain Should I Use?
Two coats are usually enough to give you a perfect finish. But this number varies depending on how much the wood can absorb. For example, extremely dense hardwoods may only absorb one stain coat. Also, the products you use may dictate more or less coat. Thus, please read the manufacturer’s instructions before going overboard.
You may wonder why experts recommend two coats. Well, the deck should absorb the first coat pretty well if you clean it thoroughly. Then, the second coat fills up the wood’s cell structure, and the project lasts longer.
Besides that, it would help to avoid recoating on a dried-out surface. Also, most water-based stains have paraffin and waves that help to repel moisture. So, the first or previous coat may repel subsequent coats as these waxes lay on the surface. And sadly, the result is peeling.
Also, please avoid direct sunlight as you apply the stain coats. The condition raises the wood temperature, which results in a disaster. More specifically, the sun cooks the stain before it can soak into the wood.
In addition, it would be prudent to select the best application formula. This way, you are sure that the coats will even out properly. For instance, always have a brush whether you are using a sprayer or not. The accessory helps to even out the formula while the friction against the board enhances stain penetration into the wood.
How Can You Tell If a Stain Is Dry?
There are various ways to determine whether the stain finish is dry. However, they work based on the stain type: whether it is water or oil-based. The simple test for water-based products is checking if they form a powder with light sanding or feel cool to the touch.
On the other hand, you can tell if the oil-based finish is ready for use by checking if it is tacky or emits a smell.
Frequently Asked Questions
Below are some of the questions that you will likely encounter regarding the subject. Keep reading for more…
- How Important Is Stain Drying Time?
Stain drying time is essential to delivering a professional finish. Usually, the stain dries by penetrating the wood, which affects its adhesion to the wood and the color’s uniformity. Thus, it would be best to let the formula dry without interruptions.
Also, a downpour before the surface dries causes imperfections and runs that ruin the stain. However, most stains can withstand rain within 12 hours after application. So, you don’t have to panic if clouds gather hours after you finish working.
- How Long Do I Wait Between Coats of Stain?
Many convectional stain products recommend waiting 12 hours before applying the second coat. But we also have modern stains that are good to go with only two or six hours: Two hours apply for water-based formulas, whereas six hours are ideal for oil-based ones. Either way, you can knock out the project in a day’s work.
In addition, it would help to ensure thorough coverage by applying the second coat. Therefore, please follow the product specification to give the coat the most suitable time window.
It is essential to have additional oil-based stain coats before the finish fully dries. Otherwise, the finish will seal the wood and thus prevent any additional stain from soaking into the lumber.
That said, the manufacturer’s instructions can be off depending on the existing weather conditions. Thus, please use the touch test to confirm that the coat is ready to receive another one.
Please give your deck stain enough time to dry before it endures foot traffic, rain, or deck furniture. This aspect forces you to check out the weather forecast before beginning the project. And apply as much stain as needed to avoid unnecessarily long curing times. In addition, it would be best to read more on the subject to make better decisions. So,
How Long Does Deck Stain Take to Dry?
Deck stains require between 24 and 48 hours to dry, with the duration decreasing or increasing depending on existing humidity and temperature levels. Also, oil-based formulas may need up to 72 hours to give a dry surface.
Nonetheless, remember that it is always safe to err on the side of caution by waiting for the maximum duration before using the deck. Sometimes it might be difficult to wait for the right time to stain the deck, or you may have an emergency project. But you will avoid hours of extra work by waiting.